Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash <p><strong>FOCUS AND SCOPE</strong></p> <p>Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities (E-ISSN: 2413-2748) is a double-blind, peer -reviewed journal. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of humanities and social science such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, corporate governance, criminology, cross cultural studies, demography, development studies, economics, education, ethics, geography, history, industrial relations, international relations, law, linguistics, library science, media studies, methodology, philosophy, political science, population Studies, psychology, public administration, sociology, social welfare, linguistics, literature, paralegal, performing arts (music, theatre &amp; dance), religious studies, visual arts, women studies and so on.</p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION FREQUENCY</strong></p> <p>Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities publishes issue quarterly in a year (in March, June, September and December), with a dedicated mission of contributing to original and high quality research.</p> <p><strong>OPPEN ACCESS POLICY</strong></p> <p>All articles published open access will be immediately and permanently free for everyone to read, download, copy and distribute.</p> <p><strong>COPYRIGHT NOTICE</strong></p> <div> <p>The copyrights of article is on the Author(s), however, before publishing, it is required to obtain written confirmation from authors in order to ensure the originality (Author Statement of Originality). This statement is to be signed by at least one of the authors who have obtained the assent of the co-author(s) where applicable.</p> </div> <p><strong>PLAGIARISM ISSUES</strong></p> <p>The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter. <strong>All the article will be checked by Turnitin Software.</strong></p> <p>This journal does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the author's institutions.</p> <p><strong>Digital Archive: </strong>This Journal is using<strong> LOCKSS </strong>digital archive system<strong>.</strong></p> <p><strong>PUBLICATION CHARGES</strong></p> <p>If the paper is accepted for publication, author(s) will be asked to pay 100 USD as article publication. The publication fees cover the cost of language editing, copyediting, and other editorial expenses. There is no charge <em>during article submission</em>. Publication fees <em>will be charged once the paper</em> is accepted. The payment method will be notified by the editor after the acceptance of the paper. This journal encourages collaborative work. Authors from three different nationalities will get full discount on publication fees.</p> <p><strong>EDITORS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To act in a objective, balanced, and fair way while carrying out expected duties, without discrimination on grounds of gender, religious or political beliefs, ethnic or geographical origin of the authors.</li> <li>To avoid any commercial influence, as well as conflicts of interests, for all submissions and evaluate them solely on academic and scientific merit.</li> <li>To address complaints of any nature and follow reasonable procedures according to the Journal's policies.</li> <li>To give authors full opportunity to respond to complaints.</li> <li>To investigate a complaint regardless of the approval date of publication of an article.</li> <li>To document, compile, and file all complaints.</li> </ul> <p><strong>REVIEWERS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To review the manuscript objectively and timely, inform the editor of a suitable decision and to uphold the quality of articles published in the journal.</li> <li>To maintain strict confidentiality of any information supplied to the reviewer in the review process by the editor or author and ensure that the manuscript is for the reviewer's eyes only and no copies are transmitted or kept.</li> <li>To inform the editor of suspected plagiarism or absence of relevant published work which has not been cited. To avoid any potential conflicts of interests between the author and the reviewer and inform the editor of all developments. </li> </ul> <p><strong>AUTHORS' RESPONSIBILITIES</strong></p> <ul> <li>To ensure that they have significantly contributed to the research, cited all related references and acknowledged financial support from funding agencies.</li> <li>To maintain accurate records of data associated with their submitted manuscript, and supply or provide access to these data, on reasonable request.</li> <li>To confirm that the submitted manuscript is not under consideration or accepted for publication elsewhere.</li> <li>To acknowledge and cite sources whose contents overlap in the submitted paper. </li> <li>To provide the editor with a copy of any submitted manuscript(s) that might contain similar closely related or overlapping content.</li> <li>To ensure that any studies involving human or animal subjects conform to national, local and institutional laws and requirements.</li> <li>To confirm that approval has been sought and obtained where appropriate and obtain written permission from human subjects and respect their privacy.</li> <li>To declare any potential conflicts of interests.</li> <li>To promptly inform the journal editor or publisher if a significant error in their publication is detected and submit an erratum, addendum, corrigendum notice, to be published or retract the paper altogether if it is necessary.</li> </ul> <p><strong>ETHICAL STATEMENT</strong></p> <p>The manuscript must represent original work by the author(s). None of the material should be covered by any copyright; if copyrighted material exceeding approximately 100 words from a journal article or approximately 500 words from a book is used, the author has obtained written permission for its use. Further, this work should not infringe any intellectual property rights/secrecy laws of any person/organization/government/public or private agency, nor should it contain any defamatory matter.</p> <p>This journal does not bear any responsibility for verifying copyright permissions provided by the author. Any breach of copyright laws will result in retraction of the published article/material <strong>as well as reporting to relevant authorities at the authors' institutions.</strong></p> <p><strong>DISCLAIMER</strong></p> <p>Opinions expressed in articles and creative pieces published in this Journal are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the editors, the editorial board or the publisher.</p> ASIAN AND AFRICAN RESEARCH CENTRE en-US Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities 2413-2748 <p style="display: block; text-align: justify;">Copyrights for articles published in Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p><p>Articles published in Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities are published under the <a href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/" target="_blank">Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license</a>, which permits others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work as long as they credit you for the original creation.</p><p> </p> UNRAVELING BANGLADESH'S CULTURAL EVOLUTION IN THE LIGHT OF ITS ISLAMIC MIDDLE AGES: BRIDGING HISTORIES https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/319 <p><strong>This research explores Bangladesh's historical and cultural evolution, specifically during its Islamic Middle Ages (1204–1757). Despite cultural affinities with the Indian subcontinent, Bangladesh's unique geographical features and diverse ethnographic amalgamation are often overlooked in prevailing narratives. The study seeks to uncover how Islam shaped the country's cultural identity during this historical period, addressing existing literature gaps and emphasising Muslims' contributions to Bangladesh's evolution. The research employs systematic observation, evaluation, and documentation using a qualitative approach with intercultural and phenomenological perspectives in religious studies. Drawing on historical, anthropological, linguistic, and archaeological disciplines, the descriptive method forms the basis of the study, incorporating a comprehensive compilation of materials from various sources. The findings highlight Bangladesh's multi-heritage identity, shaped by a complex intermingling of Dravidian, Australoid, Mongolian, and Aryan bloodlines. Islamic rulers were crucial in fostering a prosperous civilisation, contributing to language, literature, cuisine, costume design, and architecture advancements. Religion, particularly the advent of Islam, played a significant role in liberating the populace from oppressive structures. The research contributes to a comprehensive understanding of Bangladesh's historical and cultural evolution, emphasising the significance of diverse heritage and the role of religion in shaping identity. The study aims to foster unity and progress within the nation by addressing existing gaps.</strong></p> Ehsanul Mahbub Copyright (c) 2024 Ehsanul Mahbub http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 10 1 1 18 10.55327/jaash.v10i1.319 ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION IN ACADEMIA: BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/323 <p>Due to the ever rising environmental disasters, environmental education has emerged as one of the most talked about issues in academia – all around the world today. To tackle this overwhelming crisis, there is an imminent need for environmental awareness at the mass level – which, of course, can only be provided through environmental education. As Bangladesh is one the most vulnerable countries in terms of environmental disaster, and as environmental education and awareness can play significant roles in ensuring participation of mass people in safeguarding environment; the need of such environmental education here has become an absolute necessity. The aim of this paper is to investigate into the current state of environmental education in Bangladesh, particularly at the university level.&nbsp; In doing so, it considers the existing laws on environmental education in Bangladesh, the role and scope of the universities, and the responsibilities of the teachers in raising learner awareness in environmental issues. Finally it comes up with some recommendations in relation to imparting environmental education and raising learner awareness at the university level.</p> Camellia Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Camellia Khan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 10 1 19 28 10.55327/jaash.v10i1.323 CHINA'S CULTURAL SOFT POWER IN BANGLADESH: ACHIEVEMENTS AND CHALLENGES (2000-2020). https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/320 <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p>Cultural dominance is one of the most significant aspects of soft power strategy in global politics. The most influential countries employ cultural soft power to consolidate their positions on international platforms to enhance national interests. This study explores China's cultural soft power strategies in Bangladesh by examining its achievements and challenges. It identifies that China has extended its cultural dynamics to considerable levels in Bangladesh, including arranging cultural programs and festivals, exchange programs, support for higher education, cultural institutes, media, availability of cultural content, and infrastructure development. However, China faces several challenges in achieving its soft power objectives due to cultural barriers, political manipulation, and proper management of facilities. This study recommends that China should develop initiatives to reduce the challenges in the country. This study followed a qualitative research method, based on secondary sources. This study fills a crucial gap in the understanding of China's efficacy in Bangladesh. A comprehensive insight into China's cultural soft power will help policymakers in enhancing bilateral relations as well as contribute to academia such as international relations, diplomacy and other intellectual horizons related to Bangladesh studies.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keyword: </strong>Cultural Soft Power, goals, China, Bangladesh</p> Mohammad Shamsul Alom Md. Khaled Hosen Elfatih Abdullah Abdus Salam Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Shamsul Alom, Md. Khaled Hosen, Dr. Elfatih Abdullah Abdus Salam http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 10 1 29 45 10.55327/jaash.v10i1.320 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND JUSTICE SYSTEM IN BANGLADESH: ISSUES AND LEGAL FRAMEWORK https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/322 <p>This paper presents environmental justice in Bangladesh which is connected with the human development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations and policies. Environmental justice means the fair treatment of all people without discrimination of race, color, national origin and also include the development, implementation and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies. Environmental justice is very essential for the human rights which effects human lives as well as sustainable development of the country. Environmental justice also include protection against natural disasters, mass displacement, maintenance of natural resources, protection against health threats and livelihood of the Human being. Environmental justice ensures all people’s enjoyment of human rights, economic development, health protection above all healthy environment for life. There are also various environmental issues like global warming, over population, Waste disposal, Ocean acidification, loss of biodiversity, deforestation which are harmful for human lives. The Environmental &nbsp;&nbsp;problems in Bangladesh are climate change, cyclone, flood, drought, earthquake, riverbank erosion, air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, and noise pollution etc. Environmental Justice System is the burning issues of the world and human existence depends on the sustainable development of the environment.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Kaniz Tania Bint-E-Basar Kazi Sonia Tasnim Copyright (c) 2024 Kaniz Tania Bint-E-Basar, Kazi Sonia Tasnim http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 10 1 46 57 10.55327/jaash.v10i1.322 RULE OF LAW: A PRIME MOVER IN ESTABLISHING PEACE https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/326 <p>Though the establishment of a comprehensive and sustainable state – of peace and justice, security and development, social and economic progress – is the foremost goal of a just, philanthropic and benevolent governmental, it is literally unrealistic to find a world without conflict and wrong doings. However, the fundamental aspects of peace and human rights, security and development and the so needs to be upheld by the governments to make the world a better place to live in. But to attain such goals, the government needs to have an effective mechanism – the application of the rule of law.</p> Camellia Khan Copyright (c) 2024 Camellia Khan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2024-03-30 2024-03-30 10 1 58 63 10.55327/jaash.v10i1.326