• Mohamad Fateh Labanieh International Islamic Malaysia
  • Md. Tuhin Mia


In general, the comparison plays an essential role not only on the level individuals but also on the level societies. Especially, the comparative law and Fiqh Muqaran assist to improve the legal structure in the different countries as well as to remove the barriers among the Islamic countries and Muslims respectively. This paper has conducted a critical and comparative study on the literature review aiming to answer several inquiries about the comparison study between Fiqh Muqaran and the approaches to comparative law. Therefore, the definition of Fiqh Muqaran is introduced, as well as the steps of comparison in Fiqh Muqaran, the approaches of  Fiqh Muqaran, the benefits of Fiqh Muqaran and the reasons which lead to Al ‘khtÊlaf between the jurists. It is also illustrated the definition of comparative law, the benefits of comparative law and the approaches of comparative law as well as the steps of comparison in comparative law. In addition, the differences and similarities between Fiqh Muqaran and comparative Law will be discussed. Finally, this paper has been proved that the Fiqh Muqaran is more comprehensive than the comparative law as well as the approaches of Fiqh Muqaran because it is regarded as a method as well as science for achieving the comparison.


Al-Shafi'i's Risala , “talfiq, takyyerâ€, http://islambrowser.blogspot.my/2012/11/taqlid-talfiq-and-mixing-mazhab.html

Baxter, L. G. (1983). Pure comparative law and legal science in a mixed legal system. The Comparative and International Law Journal of Southern Africa, 84-99.â€

Brand, O. (2006). Conceptual comparisons: Towards a coherent methodology of comparative legal studies. Brook. J. Int'l L., 32, 405.â€

Eberle, E. J. (2008). The Method and Role of Comparative Law. Roger Williams Univ. Legal Studies Paper, (67).â€

Frankenberg, G. (1985). Critical comparisons: Re-thinking comparative law.Harv. Int'l. LJ, 26, 411.â€

Ghazala Ghalib, “Application of Talfiq in Modern Islamic Commercial Contractsâ€,< http://www.islamicbanker.com/education/talf%C4%ABq >

Gutteridge, H. C. (1946). Comparative law: an introduction to the comparative method of legal study & research (Vol. 1). CUP Archive.â€

Hug, W. (1932). The history of comparative law. Harvard Law Review, 1027-1070.â€

Husa, J. (2003). Farewell to functionalism or methodological tolerance?. Rabels Zeitschrift für ausländisches und internationales Privatrecht/The Rabel Journal of Comparative and International Private Law, 419-447.â€

Kamali, Mohammad Hashim. "THE SCOPE OF DIVERSITY AND" IKHTILÄ€F"(JURISTIC DISAGREEMENT) IN THE SHARĪ'AH." Islamic studies (1998): 315-337.â€

Marian, O. Y. (2012). Meaningless Comparisons: Corporate Tax Reform Discourse in the United States.â€

mËbarak al maÎry. (1989). Al fiqh al muqaran. jÉmÊÑt al quran .al suddan.

Michaels, R. (2005). The functional method of comparative law.â€

Mohammad taqy al hakym, “al fiqh al muqaranâ€, <http://iraq.iraq.ir/islam/maktaba_fkreia/book02/feg_mo01.htm>

Mohammad, Hashimm Kamali, “SHARIAH AND CIVIL LAWâ€,

Mufti Zubair Bayat, “taqleedâ€, <http://sunnah.org/fiqh/usul/taqlid_or_ittiba.htm>

Ñabd, Al FataÃ, KabaÉra. (1997) Al Fiqh Al muqaran, dar al nafaÉ’s.

Õaama, “al fiqh al muqaranâ€, http://www.sunniforum.com/forum/showthread.php?54349-Is-this-showing-off

Pattaro, E. (2007). A Treatise of Legal Philosophy and General Jurisprudence: Volume 1: The Law and The Right, Springer Science & Business Media.â€

Picker, C. B. (2013). Comparative legal cultural analyses of international economic law: a new methodological approach. The Chinese Journal of Comparative Law, 1(1), 21-48.â€

Samuel, G. (2014). An introduction to comparative law theory and method. Bloomsbury Publishing.â€

Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi, “taqliedâ€, http://www.al-islam.org/articles/taqlid-meaning-and-reality-sayyid-muhammad-rizvi

Shaheen Sardar Ali, “claiming our histories: A reflection on Women, Islam and Human Rights in Contemporary Muslim Communitiesâ€, http://sachet.org.pk/home/gender_columns/webcolumn_26.asp

Shaykh Ismail Kamdar, “tarjihâ€, http://blog.islamiconlineuniversity.com/question/tarjeeh/

Shiflett, M. M. Functional equivalence and its role in legal translation.â€

Talfiq, http://www.islamicity.com/qa/action.lasso.asp?-db=services&-lay=Ask&-op=eq&number=2954&-format=detailpop.shtml&-find

The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica, “taqliedâ€, http://global.britannica.com/topic/taqlid

Weiss, B. G. (Ed.). (2002). Studies in Islamic legal theory (Vol. 15). Brill.â€

Zumbansen, P. (2005). Comparative Law's Coming of Age-Twenty Years after Critical Comparisons. German LJ, 6, 1073.â€

Zweigert, Konrad, and Hein Kötz. (1998). “Introduction to comparative lawâ€. Vol. 3. Oxford: Clarendon Press.




How to Cite

Labanieh, M. F., & Mia, M. T. (2016). A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN FIQH MUQARAN AND APPROACHES TO COMPARATIVE LAW. Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities, 2(3), 86–104. Retrieved from https://aarcentre.com/ojs3/index.php/jaash/article/view/85